Heidelberg Castle (German: Heidelberger Schloss) is a castle in the German city of Heidelberg. Originally a fort, it was transformed into a castle in 1544. Over the centuries, it has been damaged by war and fire. It still stands over the Neckar River today. It is also the home of the enormous Heidelberg Tun, a wine barrel with a capacity of some 200,000 litres.
The Heidelberg Tun (Grosse Fass in German) is an extremely large wine vat contained within the cellars of Heidelberg Castle. It has a capacity of approximately 220,017 litres (58,124 gallons). Made in 1751, 130 oak trees were reputedly used in its construction. It has only rarely been used. A dance floor was constructed on top of the tun. It is now a popular tourist attraction in Heidelberg.
The Tun is referenced in Jules Verne's novel Five Weeks in a Balloon, Washington Irving in The Specter Bridegroom, Mary Hazelton Wade's Bertha and by Mark Twain in A Tramp Abroad. It can also be found in Herman Melville's "Moby Dick".
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