Palma is the major city and port in the island of Majorca and capital city of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands in Spain. It is situated on the south coast of the island on the Bay of Palma. As of the 2005 census, the population of the city of Palma proper was 375,773, and the population of the entire urban area was estimated to be 474,035, ranking as the 12th-largest urban area of Spain. Almost half of the total population of Majorca live in Palma.
The archipelago of Cabrera, though widely separated from Palma proper, is administratively considered part of the municipality. Its airport, Son Sant Joan, is one of the busiest in Europe.
The Marivent Palace was offered by the city to the then Prince Juan Carlos I of Spain. The royals have since spent their summer holidays in Palma.
Palma (Palmaria) was founded by the Romans upon the remains of a Talayot settlement which is believed to have strong ties with the sea. It was later the object of several Vandal sacks during the Fall of Rome, to be later conquered by the Bizantine, then the Arabs (who called it Medina Mayurqa), and finally by James I of Aragon.
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