Anitkabir is the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the leader of Turkish War of Independence and the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey. It is located in Ankara, Anittepe quarter. It is designed by architects Professor Emin Onat and Assistant Professor Orhan Arda, who won the competition held by the Turkish Government in 1941 for a "monumental mausoleum" for Ataturk, out of a total of 45 international proposals.
The site is also the final resting place of Ismet Inonu, the second President of Turkey, who was interred there after he died in 1973. His tomb faces the Ataturk Mausoleum, on the opposite side of the Ceremonial Ground.
The hill chosen for Anitkabir was Rasattepe (Observation Hill), which was a central location in Ankara and had an unobstructed, general view of the city. Archeological excavations unearthed artifacts belonging to Phrygian civilization, and those were carefully excavated and put on display in the museum of Anatolian Civilizations, in Ankara.
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