The Palacio Real de Madrid (Royal Palace of Madrid) was the official residence of the King of Spain, located in the Spanish capital of Madrid. King Juan Carlos and his family do not actually reside in this palace, instead choosing the smaller Palacio de la Zarzuela, on the outskirts of Madrid. However, the Palacio Real de Madrid is still used for state occasions.
The palace is located on the Calle de Bailen, in the western part of downtown Madrid, east of the Manzanares River, and is accessible from the Opera metro station.
The site of the palace dates from a 10th-century fortress, called mayrit, constructed as an outpost by Mohammed I, Emir of Cordoba and inherited after 1036 by the independent Moorish Kingdom of Toledo. After Madrid fell to Alfonso VI of Castile in 1085, the edifice was only rarely used by the kings of Castile. In 1329, King Ferdinand V of Castile convoked the cortes of Madrid for the first time. Philip II moved his court to Madrid in 1561.
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