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Sun Yat-Sen Memorial, Nanjing


The Mausoleum of Dr. Sun Yat-Sen is situated at the foot of the second peak of Mount Zijin (Purple Mountain) in Nanjing, China. Construction of the tomb started in 1926, taking three years. On the first of July 1929, Dr. Sun was buried there. Sun, considered to be the Father of Modern China both in mainland China and in Taiwan, fought against the imperial Qing government and after the 1911 revolution ended the feudal system and founded the Republic of China. He died in 1925 in Beijing, China.

Reclining on mountain slope, the majestic mausoleum blends the styles of traditional imperial tombs and modern architecture. Lying at the mountainside, the vault is more than 700 hundred meters away from the paifang on the square below, which is the entrance of the mausoleum. There is a three-tier stone stand on which a huge bronze ding, an ancient Chinese vessel symbolizing power, perches. To the north of the square, the paifang towers high.

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